Part II Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)
Section A
Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer. from the four choices marked A), B),C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 1 to 4 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
1. A) The project the man managed at CucinTech.
B) The updating of technology at CucinTech.
C)The man's switch to a new career.
D) The restructuring of her company.
2. A) Talented personnel.
B) Strategic innovation.
C) Competitive products.
D) Effective promotion.
3. A) Expand the market.
B) Recruit more talents.
C) Innovate constantly.
D) Watch out for his competitors.
4. A) Possible bankruptcy.
B) Unforeseen difficulties.
C) Conflicts within the company.
D) Imitation by one's competitors.
Questions 5 to 8 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
5. A) The job of an interpreter.
B) The stress felt by professionals.
C) The importance of language proficiency.
D) The best way to effective communication.
6. A) Promising.
B) Admirable.
C) Rewarding.
D) Meaningful.
7. A) They all have a strong interest in language.
B) They all have professional qualifications.
C) They have all passed language proficiency tests.
D) They have all studied cross-cultural differences.
8. A) It requires a much larger vocabulary.
B) It attaches more importance to accuracy.
C) It is more stressful than simultaneous interpreting.
D) It puts one's long-term memory under more stress.

Section B
Directions: In this section, you will hear two passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
Passage One
Questions 9 to 11 are based on the passage you have just heard.
9. A) It might affect mothers' health.
B) It might disturb infants' sleep.
C) It might increase the risk of infants, death.
D) It might increase mothers' mental distress.
10. A) Mothers who breast-feed their babies have a harder time falling asleep.
B) Mothers who sleep with their babies need a little more sleep each night.
C) Sleeping patterns of mothers greatly affect their newborn babies' health.
D) Sleeping with infants in the same room has a negative impact on mothers.
11. A) Change their sleep patterns to adapt to their newborn babies'.
B) Sleep in the same room but not in the same bed as their babies.
C) Sleep in the same house but not in the same room as their babies.
D) Take precautions to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
Passage Two
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the passage you have just heard.
12. A) A lot of native languages have already died out in the US.
B) The US ranks first in the number of endangered languages.
C) The efforts to preserve Indian languages have proved fruitless.
D) More money is needed to record the native languages in the US.
13. A) To set up more language schools.
B) To document endangered languages.
C) To educate native American children.
D) To revitalise America's native languages.
14. A) The US govemment's policy of Americanising Indian children.
B) The failure of American Indian languages to gain an official status.
C) The US government's unwillingness to spend money educating Indians.
D) The long-time isolation of American Indians from the outside world.
15. A) It is being utilised to teach native languages.
B) It tells traditional stories during family time.
C) It speeds up the extinction of native languages.
D) It is widely used in language immersion schools.

Section C
Directions: In this section, you will hear three recordings of lectures or talks followed by three or four questions. The recordings will be played only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.
Recording One
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the recording you have just heard.
16. A) It pays them up to half of their previous wages while they look for work.
B) It covers their mortgage payments and medical expenses for 99 weeks.
C) It pays their living expenses until they find employment again.
D) It provides them with the basic necessities of everyday life.
17. A) Creating jobs for the huge army of unemployed workers.
B) Providing training and guidance for unemployed workers.
C) Convincing local lawmakers to extend unemployment benefits.
D) Raising funds to help those having no unemployment insurance.
18. A) To offer them loans they need to start their own businesses.
B) To allow them to postpone their monthly mortgage payments.
C) To create more jobs by encouraging private investments in local companies.
D) To encourage big businesses to hire back workers with government subsidies.

Recording Two
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the recording you have just heard.
19. A) They measured the depths of sea water.
B) They analyzed the water content.
C) They explored the ocean floor.
D) They investigated the ice.
20. A) Eighty percent of the ice disappears in summer time.
B) Most of the ice was accumulated over the past centuries.
C) The ice ensures the survival of many endangered species.
D) The ice decrease is more evident than previously thought.
21. A) Arctic ice is a major source of the world's fresh water.
B) The melting Arctic ice has drowned many coastal cities.
C) The decline of Arctic ice is irreversible.
D) Arctic ice is essential to human survival.
22. A) It will do a lot of harm to mankind.
B) There is no easy way to understand it.
C) It will advance nuclear technology.
D) There is no easy technological solution to it.
Recording Three
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the recording you have just heard.
23. A) The reason why New Zealand children seem to have better self-control.
B) The relation between children's self-control and their future success.
C) The health problems of children raised by a single parent.
D) The deciding factor in children's academic performance.
24. A) Children raised by single parents will have a hard time in their thirties.
B) Those with a criminal record mostly come from single parent families.
C) Parents must learn to exercise self-control in front of their children.
D) Lack of self-control in parents is a disadvantage for their children.
25. A) Self-control can be improved through education.
B) Self-control can improve one's financial situation.
C) Self-control problems may be detected early in children.
D) Self-control problems will diminish as one grows up.



Section A & B & C
Section A
Conversation One
1 What seems to have been very successful according to the woman speaker?
[A] 【解析】對話開頭,女士就說邁克在 CucinTech 負責了一個創新項目,并接著說到項目似乎非常成功。由此,可選定 A 項“男士在 CucinTech 負責的項目”。
【干擾項排除】①根據選項關鍵詞 project, technology, career 以及 company,可推測問題可能與工作相關。②對話主要探討的是戰略上的創新,而 B 項“CucinTech 的技術革新”只是利用對話里的關鍵詞 innovation 進行干擾;C 項“男士轉換到新的職業上”在對話中并未提及;對話談論的是男士在 CucinTech 的工作情況,與女士公司無關,故排除 D 項“她公司的重組”。
2 What did the company lack before the man's scheme was implemented?
[B] 【解析】女士問到是否 CucinTech 命運的逆轉完全歸功于戰略創新,男士作了肯定回答,并表達了他對 CucinTech 的看法,認為這個公司以前只是一味地隨大流,重復別人的做法。由此可見, CucinTech 以前缺乏戰略創新,所以選 B 項。
【干擾項排除】①從選項的內容來看,題目涉及公司的情況。②A 項“人才”是該公司的優勢而不是它欠缺的;男士認為該公司在產品研發上有很大潛力,但并未提及產品是否具有競爭力,故 C 項“具有競爭力的產品”排除;D 項“有效的促銷”在對話中并沒有提及。
3 What does the man say he should do in his business?
[C] 【解析】對話圍繞戰略創新展開,男士表達了自己對創新的看法,即“我們需要不斷地創新,以跟上時代的步伐,停滯不前就等于落后”,接著他指出,“作為公司戰略,創新沒有止境”,所以在商業領域他應該做的就是 C 項“不斷創新”。
【干擾項排除】①選項均為原形動詞短語,推測問題可能與行為、動作有關。②A 項“擴大市場”在對話中未提及;B 項“招聘更多人才”和 D 項“留心競爭對手”則利用對話中出現的 talent 和 competitor 來作干擾。
4 What does the man say is the risk of innovation?
[D] 【解析】對于創新,男士提出他的擔憂,即經常導致被模仿,所以 D 項“被競爭對手模仿”正確。
【干擾項排除】①根據選項中的 bankruptcy, conflicts, difficulties, competitors 等關鍵詞可推測題目與某個困境相關。②A 項“可能破產”、B 項“難以預見的困難”和 C 項“公司內部的沖突”在對話中均未提及。

Conversation Two
5 What are the speakers mainly talking about?
[A]【解析】對話開頭就開門見山地介紹了一位口譯嘉賓,接下來兩人圍繞著嘉賓的工作展開了一系列討論。因此,選 A 項“一位口譯者的工作”。
【干擾項排除】①選項均為名詞短語,可推測問題可能與對話的主題相關。②對話中提到過口譯者的壓力,但這只是對話中的一部分,而且對話并未提及其他專業人士的壓力問題,故 B 項“專業人士感受到的壓力”排除;對話中雖然提到了口譯中語言熟練的問題,但這不是對話的核心,C 項“語言熟練程度的重要性”太過片面;D 項“有效溝通的最好方式”在對話中未提及。
6 What does the man think of Dana's profession?
[B]【解析】男士明確表明了他對 Dana 的工作充滿了欽佩,故選 B 項“令人欽佩的”。
【干擾項排除】①選項均為表主觀感受的形容詞,推測題目問態度或看法。②A 項“有希望的”、C 項“值得的”和 D 項“有意義的”均不是男士對女士工作的看法。
7 What does Dana say about the interpreters she knows?
[B]【解析】對話中,Dana 用一個雙重否定句強調,她所認識的口譯工作者都取得了專業資質,并經過專業訓練。所以,B 項“他們都具有專業資質”正確。
【干擾項排除】①選項的主語都是 They,且均關于具備的某種素質或能力,聽音時留意相關信息。②A 項“他們都對語言很感興趣”不選,口譯者們是否對語言有強烈的興趣并未在對話中提及;女士并沒有提到他們是否都通過了語言能力測試,故 C 項錯誤;而 D 項“他們都學習過跨文化差異”在對話中未提及。
8 What do most interpreters think of consecutive interpreting?
[C]【解析】對話中,女士說大多數口譯者都認為,與同聲傳譯相比,交替傳譯更有壓力,故選 C 項“它比同聲傳譯更有壓力”。
【干擾項排除】①選項主語均為 It,且每個句子都有表示比較的詞匯,聽音時注意有關對比的信息。②A 項“它要求更多的詞匯量”和 B 項“它'更看重準確性”在對話中沒有提及;根據對話,交替傳譯更考驗人的短時記憶,D 項“它考驗人在更大壓力下的長時記憶”與此相悖,故應排除。
Section B
Passage One
9 What is the long-held view about mothers sleeping with newborn babies?
[C]【解析】錄音首句就指出,多年來媽媽們一直被警告,與新生兒睡在一起不好,因為這會增加嬰兒夜間意外死亡的風險,由此可選定 C 項。
【干擾項排除】①選項主語均為 It,且根據選項關鍵詞 mother, infants 等可推測題目詢問某事對媽媽、嬰兒的影響。②A 項“它可能影響媽媽的健康”是以色列研究者得出的最新發現,而不是長期以來的一種觀點;B 項“它可能妨礙嬰兒睡眠”和 D 項“它可能使媽媽精神上更加苦悶”在短文中未提及。
10 What do Israeli researchers' findings show?
[D]【解析】以色列研究者發現,即使與嬰兒睡在同一個房間,也會對媽媽產生負面影響,D 項中的 impact 是文中 consequence 的同義替換,為正確答案。
【干擾項排除】①根據選項關鍵詞 mothers、babies、 sleep 等可推測題目詢問的是關于睡眠與媽媽或嬰兒的關系。②錄音中只是提到很多被調查的媽媽都是母乳喂養,并沒有提及母乳喂養對媽媽睡眠的影響,A 項“母乳喂養的媽媽入睡更困難”沒有依據;錄音指出,與嬰兒一起睡影響媽媽睡眠,B 項“與嬰兒一起睡的媽媽每晚需要更多睡眠”屬于過度推斷;錄音中只是提及爸爸的睡眠模式可能影響媽媽,但是 C 項“媽媽的睡眠模式極大地影響新生兒的健康”在短文中并未提及。
11 What does the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend mothers do?
[B]【解析】為了減少嬰兒猝死的風險,美國兒科學會建議媽媽們不要跟嬰兒同床睡,但可以睡在一個房間,所以選 B 項。
【干擾項排除】①選項均為原形動詞短語,推測問題可能與行為、動作有關。②A 項“改變睡眠模式以適應她們的新生寶寶”并不是兒科學會建議的內容;C 項“與寶寶睡在同一個家,但不同的房間”不符合美國兒科學會的建議;D 項“采取預防措施以減少嬰兒猝死的風險”屬過度推斷,錄音中沒有涉及預防措施。
Passage Two
12 What do we learn from the report?
[A]【解析】短文講的是很多美國本土語言瀕臨滅絕的困境,第一句話就指出,美國已經丟失了超過 1/3 的本土語言,由此可選定 A 項“美國很多本土語言已經滅絕”。
【干擾項排除】①根據選項關鍵詞 native languages, US, died out, preserve 等可推測題目與美國本土語言的困境有關。②美國現有 192 種語言瀕臨滅絕,但錄音并未提及這個數字為世界之最,B 項“美國瀕危語言的數量最多”屬過度推斷;美國印第安人國家博物館的 Fred Nahwooksy 說,讓這些瀕危語言回歸到日常使用正在進展當中,可排除 C 項“保護印第安語的努力被證明是徒勞的”;Fred Nahwooksy 也說到“我們需要需要錢使這些語言復活,而不僅僅是記錄它們”,所以 D 項“需要更多的錢來記錄美國的本土語言”可排除。
13 For what purpose does Fred Nahwooksy appeal for more funding?
[D]【解析】錄音中引用美國原住民博物館的 Fred 的話說“我們需要更多的資金并付出更大的努力以讓這些語言重新回到日常使用中來……需要錢使這些語言復活,而不僅僅是記錄它們”,可選定 D 項。
【干擾項排除】①選項均為不定式,推測問題與行為動作或目的相關。②A 項“建立更多的語言學校”屬過度推斷,文中指出通過學校教育可以拯救這些瀕危語言,但沒有提及創建更多新學校;B 項“記錄瀕危語言”是現有的做法,不是 Nahwooksy 呼吁的目的;C 項“教育美國土著孩子”是拯救瀕危語言取得成效的途徑之一,不是目的,也與更多資金沒有直接的關聯。
14 What is the historical cause of the decline in the American Indian Languages?
[A]【解析】美國印第安語言的衰落有其歷史根源:在 19 世紀中葉,美國政府采取了美國化印第安兒童的政策,即將印第安人的孩子趕出他們的家園,將他們與其文化隔絕。由此,可選定 A 項。
【干擾項排除】①根據選項關鍵詞 American, US government, Indian 等可推測問題與美國印第安人的情況有關。②B 項“美國印第安語沒有取得官方地位”、C 項“美國政府不愿花錢教育印第安人”和 D“印第安人長期與外界隔絕”均利用個別原詞拼湊而成,錄音中都未提及。
15 What does the speaker say about television?
[C]【解析】就電視對于本土語言的危害,短文末尾指出,電視將英語帶入家庭,擠掉傳統的家庭講故事時間,從而加速了本土語言的滅絕。C 項中的 speed up 與該句中的 accelerating 同義,為答案。
【干擾項排除】①選項均以 It 開頭,且根據關鍵詞 native languages 可預測問題關于某物與本土語言的關系。②A 項“它被利用來教授本土語言”和 D 項“它被廣泛用于浸潤式語言學校”在短文中均沒有提及;而 B 項“它在家庭聚會時間講傳統故事”與短文說法相悖,在家庭聚會時間講傳統故事是被電視擠掉的事情。
Section C
Recording One
16 How does unemployment insurance help the unemployed?
[A]【解析】錄音以 Rosen 為例講述了美國失業者的困境,其前段提到,Rosen 借助失業保險購買日用品、支付房款,在找工作期間,失業保險支付他們原來工資的一半。因此 A 項“在找工作期間,失業保險支付他們原來工資的一半”正確。
【干擾項排除】①選項均以 It 開頭,且根據關鍵詞 pay, they, work, living expenses 等可推測題目與一群人的工作生活有關。②B 項“它給他們支付 99 周的抵押貸款和醫藥費”沒有在錄音中提到;錄音提到,失業保險后來中斷了對 Rosen 的救助,表明救助是有時限的,故 C 項“它一直支付他們的生活費直到他們找到另一份工作”不準確;D 項“它提供給他們基本的生活必需品”在錄音中找不到根據。
17 What is local director Elizabeth Walsh of the Bucks County CareerLink doing?
[B]【解析】錄音中段 Elizabeth Walsh 表示,他們提供培訓和指導以幫助失業者在當地謀差事,由此 B “為失業工人提供培訓和指導”正確。
【干擾項排除】①由題目選項可知,本題可能與為失業工人提供的幫助有關。②A 項“為龐大的失業人群創造就業崗位”和 D 項“籌措資金幫助那些沒有失業保險的人們”均與 Elizabeth Walsh 透露的信息無關。C 項“說服當地立法者延長失業救濟”是 99ers 聯盟的目標,也不正確。
18 What does Pennsylvania State Representative Scott Petri say is the best way to help the long-term unemployed?
[C]【解析】錄音后段女士提到,Scott Petri 認為,要救助那些長期失業者,最好的辦法是允許普通公民在當地建廠辦公司,以創造更多就業崗位。因此 C 項“通過鼓勵私人投資在當地建立企業來創造更多工作崗位”正確。
【干擾項排除】①選項均為不定式短語,推測問題與行為動作或目的相關。②A 項“提供給他們自主創業所需要的貸款”、B 項“允許他們延遲償還每月的抵押貸款”以及 D 項“鼓勵大公司重新雇用那些靠政府救濟生活的人”三項表述均缺乏錄音依據。
Recording Two
19 What did Pen Huddle and his team do in the Arctic Ocean?
[D]【解析】錄音開頭就指出,Pen Huddle 及其團隊在北冰洋上艱苦跋涉了 3 個月,對冰進行測量和記錄。由此可選定 D 項“他們對冰進行調查”。
【干擾項排除】①選項均以 They 開頭,且描述的都是行為狀態,推測題目詢問的是某人群的相關行為。②A 項“他們測量了海水的深度”、B 項“他們分析了水含量”和 C 項“他們勘探了海底”均與 Pen Huddle 和他的團隊無關。
20 What does the report say about the Arctic region?
[D]【解析】錄音前段女士指出,據最新的測量顯示,極地冰的減少比人們先前想象的更為明顯。D 項中的 decrease 和 evident 分別對應錄音中的 loss 和 pronounced,故正確。
【干擾項排除】①根據選項關鍵詞 ice 可推測本題與冰有關。②錄音前段提到,覆蓋在北冰洋的冰在 10 年后大約會減少 80%,而不是說 A 項“80%的冰在夏季消失”;B 項“大部分的冰是在過去的幾百年累積成的”和 C 項“冰確保了許多瀕危物種的存活”在錄音中并沒有提及。
21 What does Cambridge scientist Peter Wadhams say in his study?
[C] 【解析】錄音中段明確指出,劍橋科學家 Peter Wadhams 認為北極冰的減少不可逆轉,故 C 項“北極冰的減少不可逆”正確。
【干擾項排除】錄音主要探討了北極冰不斷融化這一問題的嚴峻形勢及產生原因,并呼吁人們采取措施予以阻止,至于北極冰的作用及融化的危害并沒有提及,故 A 項“北極冰是世界淡水的主要來源”、B 項“融化的北極冰已經淹沒了很多沿海城市”和 D 項“北極冰對人類生存至關重要”均無根據。
22 How does Peter Wadhams view climate change?
[D] 【解析】錄音最后 Wadhams 明確表示,沒有簡單的技術手段能解決氣候變化問題。D 項中的 solution 對應錄音中的 fix,故正確。
【干擾項排除】①四個選項都是關于 It 的情況,應注意聽題目中 It 指代何物。②錄音中指出全球氣候變化,特別是全球變暖,是導致北極冰不斷融化的主要原因之一,但并沒有談論它的其他危害,所以 A 項“它將給人類造成巨大傷害”屬過度推斷;B 項“理解它不容易”在錄音中并未提及;根據 Wadhams 所言,核技術將是解決氣候問題的方法之一,但氣候變化是否必然推動核技術進步不得而知,故排除 C 項“它將推動核技術進步”。
Recording Three
23 What is the new study about?
[B]【解析】錄音介紹了一項針對大約 1000 名新西蘭孩子展開的新研究,探究了一個孩子自制力差是如何預示其成年后健康狀況差、經濟困難甚至犯罪的。故選 B 項“孩子自制力與其未來成功的關系”。
【干擾項排除】①選項均為名詞短語,推測問題可能與主題相關。②雖然這項新研究的調查對象是新西蘭的孩子,但錄音中沒有證據證明新西蘭的孩子自制力更好,故 A 項“為何新西蘭的孩子似乎有更好的自制力”屬過度推斷;C 項“單親家庭出來的孩子的健康問題”和 D 項“孩子學業成績的決定性因素”都不是該研究的內容。
24 What does the study seem to show?
[D]【解析】錄音后段指出,該研究表明父母一代自制力差可能會給下一代帶來不利影響,因此 D 項“父母缺乏自制力對他們的孩子不利”正確。
【干擾項排除】①根據選項關鍵詞 children, parents 等可推測題目與父母、子女關系有關。②女士提到,在 3 到 10 歲有最差的自控力的孩子,在 30 多歲的時候會有最多的健康問題,他們更可能有犯罪記錄,并沒有提到 A 項“單親家庭出來的孩子在 30 多歲會經歷一個困難期”和 B 項“有犯罪前科的人大部分來自單親家庭”; C 項“父母必須學著在孩子面前有自制力”在錄音中并未提及。
25 What does Moffitt say is the good news from their study?
[A]【解析】錄音最后指出,Moffitt 帶來的好消息是父母或學校教育都可以幫助孩子養成好的自制力, 故選 A 項“可通過教育提高自制力”。
【干擾項排除】①根據選項關鍵詞 Self-control, improve, detected, diminish 等可推測題目與自制力的提高或解決有關。②該研究認為自制力差可能導致人們成年后經濟狀況困難,但沒有表明自制力可以改善其經濟狀況,所以 B 項“自制力可以改善人們的經濟狀況”屬于過度推斷;C 項“自制力問題在孩子小的時候就可被察覺”和 D 項“自制力問題隨著一個人的成長而消失”在錄音中均未提及,屬無中生有。