歷年四、六級聽力及MP3下載(百度云)
歷年四、六級聽力及MP3下載(百度云)

 

一、2016年12月英語六級聽力mp3(第一套)

 

 

二、2016年12月英語六級聽力真題(第一套)

 
Section A
Directions : In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question?therewill be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A., B., C. and. D., and decide which is the best answer. Thenmark the eorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

1. A. The restaurant offers some specials each day.
B. The restaurant is known for its food varieties.
C. The dressing makes the mixed salad very inviting.
D. The woman should mix the ingredients thoroughly.

2. A. He took over the firm from Mary.C. He failed to foresee major problems.
B. He is running a successful business.D. He is opening a new consulting firm.

3. A. Someone should be put in charge of office supplies.
B. The man can leave the discs in the office cabinet.
C. The man may find the supplies in the cabinet.
D. The printer in the office has run out of paper.

4.A. He has to use a magnifying glass to see clearly.
B. The woman can use his glasses to read.
C. He has the dictionary the woman wants.
D. The dictionary is not of much help to him.

5.A. Redecorating her office.
B. Majoring in interior design.
C. Seeking professional advice.
D. Adding some office furniture.

6.A. Problems in port management.
B. Improvement of port facilities.
C. Delayed shipment of goods.
D. Shortage of container ships.

7.A. Their boss.
B. A colleague.
C. Their workload.
D. A coffee machine.

8.A. Call the hotel manager for help.
B. Postpone the event until a later date.
C. Hold the banquet at a different place.
D. Get an expert to correct the error.

Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9.A. He shares some of the household duties.
B. He often goes back home late for dinner.
C. He cooks dinner for the family occasionally.
D. He dines out from time to time with friends.

10.A. To take him to dinner.
B. To talk about a budget plan.
C. To discuss an urgent problem.
D. To pass on an important message.

11. A. Foreign investors are losing confidence in India’s economy.
B. Many multinational enterprises are withdrawing from India.
C. There are wild fluctuations in the international money market.
D. There is a sharp increase in India’s balance of payment deficit.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. A. They have unrealistic expectations about the other half.
B. They may not be prepared for a lifelong relationship.
C. They form a more realistic picture of life.
D. They try to adapt to their changing roles.

13. A. He is lucky to have visited many exotic places.
B. He is able to forget all the troubles in his life.
C. He is able to meet many interesting people.
D. He is lucky to be able to do what he loves.

14.A. It is stressful.
B. It is full of tim.
C. It is all glamour.
D. It is challenging

15. A. Bothered.
B. Amazed.
C. Puzzled.
D. Excited.

Section B
Directions : In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A., B.,C. and D . Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet I with a single line through the centre.

Passage One
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. A. Maintain the traditional organizational culture.
B. Learn new ways of relating and working together.
C. Follow closely the fast development of technology.
D. Learn to be respectful in a hierarchical organization.

17. A. How the team integrates with what it is supposed to serve.
B. How the team is built to keep improving its performance.
C. What type of personnel the team should be composed of.
D. What qualifications team members should be equipped with.

18. A. A team manager must set very clear and high objectives.
B. Teams must consist of members from different cultures.
C. Team members should be knowledgeable and creative.
D. A team manager should develop a certain set of skills.

Passage Two
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. A. It is a platform for sharing ideas on teaching at the University of Illinois.
B. It was mainly used by scientists and technical people to exchange text.
C. It started off as a successful program but was unable to last long.
D. It is a program allowing people to share information on the Web.

20. A. He visited a number of famous computer scientists.
B. He met with an entrepreneur named Jim Clark.
C. He sold a program developed by his friends.
D. He invested in a leading computer business.

21.A. They had confidence in his new ideas.
B. They trusted his computer expertise.
C. They were very keen on new technology.
D. They believed in his business connections.

Passage Three
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22.A. Prestige advertising.
B. Institutional advertising.
C. Word of mouth advertising.
D. Distributing free trial products.

23.A. To sell a particular product.
B. To build up their reputation.
C. To promote a specific service.
D. To attract high-end consumers.

24. A. By using the services of large advertising agencies.
B. By hiring their own professional advertising staff.
C. By buying media space in leading newspapers.
D. By creating their own ads and commericais.

25. A. Decide on what specific means of communication to employ.
B. Conduct a large-scale survey on customer needs.
C. Specify the objectives of the campaign in detail.
D. Pretest alternative ads or commercials in certain regions.

Section C
Directions: In this section, you will hoar a passage three times. When the passage is read for thofirst time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When tho passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in tho blanks with the exact words you have just hoard. Finally, when tho passage is read for the third time, you should chock what you have written.

Extinction is difficult concept to grasp. It is an(26)concept. It’s not at all like the killing of individual lifeforms that can be renewedthrough normal processes of reproduction. Nor is it simply(27)numbers. Nor is it damage that can somehow be remedied or for which some substitute can be ound. Nor is it something that simply affects our own generation. Nor is it something that could be remedied by some supernatural power. It is rather an(28)and final act for which there is no remedy on earth or in heaven. A species once extinct is gone forever. However many generations(29)us in coming centuries, none of them will ever see this species that we extinguish. Not only are we bringing about the extinction of life(30), we are also making the land and the air and the sea so toxic that the very conditions of life are being destroyed.(31)basic natural resources, not only are the nonrenewable resources being(32)in a frenzy ( 瘋狂) of processing,consuming, and(33), but we are also mining much of our renewable resources, such as the very soil itself on which terrestrial (地球上的) life depends.
The change that is taking place on the earth and in our minds is one of the greatest changes ever to take place in human affairs, perhaps the greatest, since what we are talking about is not simply another historical change or cultural(34), but a change of geological and biological as well as psychological order of(35)。

 

三、2016年12月英語六級聽力答案(第一套)

 

1.C.。未聽先知:選項中restaurant出現了兩次,A.“飯店每天都有特別供應”、B.“飯店以食品多樣而聞名”和C.“拌沙拉的調料使這道菜十分誘人”都在描述飯店好的一面,故推測本題考查內容與飯店哪方面比較出色有關,而D.“女士應該將原料進行充分攪拌”與其他三個選項內容明顯不屬于一類,故基本可以提前排除。詳解女士發現這家飯店的沙拉多種多樣,請男士給她推薦點特別的,男士向她推薦了混拌沙拉,因為這道菜的調料是用漿果制作而成。由此可知,是特殊的調料使得這款沙拉與眾不同。
2.B.。未聽先知:四個選項均以He開頭,由A.“他從Mary那里接手公司”、B.“他正在經營很成功的生意”和D.“他正在建立一家新的咨詢公司”可以猜測,對話內容與男士經營公司有關,C.“他沒能預見到一些重大問題”屬于男士失敗的原因,而其他三個選項均為描述一般事實的陳述句,故基本可以提前排除C。
詳解:女士說她前幾天碰到了Mary,從Mary那里聽說男士的新咨詢公司現在很成功,男士說他的生意發展得比他們預想得要好,現在已經有多于兩百名客戶了。由此可知,目前男士的生意相當成功。
3.C.。未聽先知:選項中出現了supplies一詞,A.“應該安排人員專門負責辦公用品”、B.“男士可以把光盤放在公司的柜子里”、C.“男士應該能在柜子里找到辦公用品”和D.“辦公室的打印機沒紙了”四個選項的語義相互交錯,圍繞著辦公用品、光盤、紙張、柜子展開,聽對話時應注意捕捉這幾者之間的相互聯系。
詳解:對話中男士問女士是否知道光盤和打印紙放在哪兒了,女士說如果還有的話,應該都放在柜子里了,因為所有的辦公用品都放在那里。由此可知,女士的意思是男士應該能在柜子里找到他所需要的辦公用品。
4.A。未讀先知:由四個選項中的glass(es)和dictionary可以判斷對話內容與閱讀詞典和眼鏡有關,結合A“他必須用放大鏡才能看清楚”和B.“女士可以用他的眼鏡來閱讀”兩個選項的意思可以大致判斷,對話中的兩個人需要借助某種工具才能進行閱讀,而C和D.兩個選項可以說明他們看不清楚的可能是詞典的內容。
詳解:對話中女士對男士說詞典里的字太小了,她根本就看不清楚那些釋義,男士說他要去拿放大鏡,沒有放大鏡,他也無法看清楚。由此可知,男士得用放大鏡才能看清楚。
5.A。未聽先知:選項均為以v-ing形式開頭構成的名詞性短語,由A.“重新裝修她的辦公室”和D.“為辦公室增加點家具”可以推斷,對話內容與辦公室的家具和裝修有關;B.“主修室內裝修專業”和C.“尋找專業建議”也與之相關,由A.中的her判定,聽錄音時需要特別關注與女士有關的信息。
詳解:女士對男士說她正考慮重新裝修辦公室,家具舊了,墻上的漆也開始脫落了,男士說他可以把他弟妹的電話給女士,因為他弟妹畢業于室內裝修學院,可以給女士免費進行評估。由此可知,女士正在考慮的事情是重新裝修辦公室。
6.D.。未聽先知:四個選項均為名詞性短語,由選項A.“港口管理問題”、B.“港口設施的改善”、C.“貨運物品延期”和D.“集裝箱船匱乏”可以看出,這些選項都提到了港口所面臨的一些問題,因此聽對話時對此類信息要特別關注。
詳解:對話中女士對男士說她們有一大批貨物需要運走,但怎么也找不到集裝箱船只,男士表示在這個港口,此類問題一直存在,港口的設施根本滿足不了人們的需求。由此可知,兩人討論的是港口缺乏集裝箱船只的問題。
7.B.。未聽先知:四個選項都很簡短,為四個名詞短語,且內容各不相同,通常出現此類選項時,考查內容一般圍繞對話的主旨大意展開。
詳解:對話中女士奇怪為什么Rod沒有漲工資,男士說那是因為老板覺得他的工作態度有問題,老板說她看到Rob在咖啡機邊的時間比在辦公桌前辦公的時間還要多。由此可知,對話中的兩人正在討論他們的同事Rod。
8.C.。未聽先知:四個選項均為動詞短語,可以推斷本題考查的是某人的動作行為,結合選項A.“向酒店經理打電話求助”、B.“把事項日期延后”、C.“換個地方舉辦宴會”和D.“請專家來改正問題”可以推斷,應該是某件事情出了差錯或是變故,因此本題考查的內容與人們采取的應對措施有關。
詳解:對話中女士對男士說酒店打來電話,說由于日程安排出了問題,他們不能承接宴會了,男士馬上說他知道在High Street有一家印度餐館,可以為團體客戶提供特殊待遇,那里的食物很棒,房間也足夠大。由此可知,男士的言外之意是說他們可以把宴會的地點改在他所推薦的印度餐館。

9.What do we learn about the man’s daily life?
B.。詳解:四個選項均以He開頭,且均使用了一般現在時,可以推測本題考查內容與男士的日常生活有關。由各選項A.“他分擔一些家務職責”、B.“他經常回家很晚,趕不上吃晚飯”、C.“他偶爾會為家人做飯”和D.“他有時會與朋友外出就餐”可以看出,本題的重點是男士通常是怎樣解決晚餐的。其中,A.與其他三個選項的內容有較大差異,可以提前排除。對話中男士與女士見面時,男士告訴女士他正要回家,Susan正在家里等他回去吃晚餐,他不能總像平日里那樣老是趕不上吃晚餐。for a change表達的意思是“改變一下”,既然男士今天要按時回家與家人一起共進晚餐,也就可以推測出他大多數時候是不按時回家吃晚餐的。
10.Why did the woman come to see the man?
D.。詳解:四個選項均為動詞不定式結構,此類選項通常表示本題考查的內容為即將發生的行為動作或某種動作的目的,A.“帶他去吃晚餐”與B.“談論一項預算計劃”、C.“討論一個緊急問題”以及D.“告知一個重要信息”這三個選項的內容明顯不屬于一類,可以預先排除。對話中女士說她很抱歉在周五的這個時間來找男士,但她的事情非常重要,而沒有提到“問題”,因此排除C.,顯然女士來找男士的目的就是要告訴男士一件重要的事情。
11.What makes the woman worry about the Indian Rupee?
D.。詳解:四個選項都與商業行為相關,而且兩次提到了India,可以判斷對話內容涉及印度的商業或經濟,選項均為對印度經濟進行負面描述的句子,但內容各不相同,無法進行排除或斷定本題所考查的重點,聽對話時就需要對所有涉及到印度經濟的內容多加留意。對話中女士明確告訴男士印度的收支平衡赤字急劇升高。

12.What does the mail say about most people when they get into love affairs?
A.。詳解:四個選項均以They開頭,根據選項A.“他們對自己的另一半有著不切實際的期待”、B.“他們或許沒有準備好形成一種相伴一生的關系”、C.“他們對生活有了更為現實的認識”和D.“他們想要適應自己角色的轉變”可以判斷,選項中的they指的就是普通大眾,本題考查的是人們對愛情或者婚姻、家庭的看法。對話中女士問男士為什么愛情不能永葆活力,男士說人們陷入戀愛關系時,往往都對對方抱有一種不切實際的期待,如果對方與自己想象得不一樣,則希望對方能夠為自己而改變.坦實際上,人們很難真正改變。
13.What does the mail say about himself as a singer OH the road most of his life?
D.。詳解:四個選項均以He開頭,A.“他很幸運,能夠去很多新奇的地方”、B.“他能夠忘記生活中的煩惱”、C.“他能夠認識很多有趣的人”和D.“他很幸運,能夠做自己喜歡的事情”,四個選項都是在描述男士的美好生活,可以判斷對話中一定講述了男士幸福的一面,聽對話時對此類信息要特別注意。對話中女士問男士,他已經62歲了,還經常到處走動,是什么吸引他一直上路,男士毫不猶豫地說是音樂促使他前行,能夠做自己真正熱愛的事情的人是幸運的,他們能夠觸碰到生活的極致。由此可見,男士所做的正是他自己喜歡的事情。
14.What do most people think of the life of a famous musician?
C.。詳解:四個選項均為簡單的主系表結構,四個形容詞是關鍵,選項所給信息過少,無法判斷本題考查內容,但聽錄音時,對與這些形容詞有關聯的內容都要注意捕捉。對話中女士問男士人們最容易對知名音樂家所產生的錯誤概念是什么,男士明確地說,人們認為知名音樂家的生活只有光輝,這是不對的。生活對于他們并不比對待普通人更加仁慈。
15.How does the mall feel whenever he is recognized by his fans?
B.。詳解:四個選項均為單個形容詞,有正面的,也有負面的,選項所給信息過少,無法判斷本題考查內容,但聽錄音時,對與這些形容詞有關聯的內容都要注意捕捉。對話中女士問男士走到哪兒都會被人認出來的感覺如何,男士說,按說他應該已經習慣了這種感覺,但事實是,他依然感覺十分驚異。他舉了一個例子,他曾經去過一個日本小鎮,那里的人根本不會說英語,但卻一下子就認出他了,還知道他的音樂。fascinating和amazed的意思相似,都表示“驚異,驚喜”。

16.What should team members do to fully realize their potential?’
B.。詳解:四個選項均為以動詞原形開頭的句子結構,可以判斷本題考查的是行為動作。A.“保持傳統的組織文化”、B.“學習新的關聯方式,共同協作”、C.“緊跟技術的快速發展”和D.“學會尊重企業等級制度”均為現代企業中員工所應該做的事情,聽錄音時注意判斷文章當中提到的是哪一點。短文中說,雖然團隊當中可能有些人的確非常博學,但他們也應該學會與團隊中的其他人員共同協作,形成良好的合作關系,一起解決問題。
17.What needs to be considered for effective team management?
A.。詳解:四個選項均為疑問詞開頭的陳述句語序的句子,因此可以判斷問題中一定包含某種結構,這些選項均可以充當該詞或該表達的賓語。結合選項A.“團隊該怎樣與它的服務對象相融合”、B.“該怎樣建設團隊才能改善團隊表現”、C.”團隊中應該納入什么樣的員工”和D.“團隊中的成員應該具有怎樣的素質”可以推測,本題考查應該怎樣進行團隊建設。短文中提到,問題不僅在于應該怎樣讓團隊更高效地工作,還應該讓團隊與他所服務的公司或社會融合在一起。
18.What conclusion Can we draw from what Casey says?
D.。詳解:四個選項的意思分別為A.“團隊經理必須設立清晰且較高的目標”、B.“團隊必須包含有不同文化背景的隊員”、C.“團隊成員應該知識豐富,并富有創造性”和D.“團隊經理應該具備某些特定的技能”,其中有兩項都提到了團隊經理,可以初步判斷本題考查的內容極有可能與團隊經理所應該具備的素質或是其所應該承擔的責任有關。短文中提到按照Casey的看法,如果團隊經理能夠展示出他所提到的各種素質,整個團隊就能夠更好地發揮潛力,實現目標。也就是說,團隊經理應該具備某些特定的素質。

19.Wath do we learn about Mosaic?
D.。詳解:四個選項均以It開頭,意思分別為A.“它是Illinois大學提供的分享教學觀點的平臺”
B.“它主要用于科學家和技術人員之間的文字信息傳遞”、C.“它剛開始時是一個很成功的軟件,但沒能持續很久”和D.“這一程序允許人們通過網絡共享信息”,由此可以判斷,It一定是某種技術形式,更有可能是某種軟件或平臺,本題考查內容與It的功能有關。短文一開始就提到,Mark和他的朋友開發了Mosaic,它可以允許人們通過網絡在全世界范圍內共享信息。
20.What did Andreessen do upon arriving in Silicon Valley?
B.。詳解:選項均以He開頭,A.“他拜訪了一批著名的計算機科學家”、B.“他與一位名為Jim Clark的企業家碰了面”、C.“他賣掉了朋友們開發的軟件”和D.“他投資了一項領先的計算機生意”都是對He行為動作的描述,聽錄音時應注意捕捉與He的行為動作相關的信息。短文中說Andreessen一到硅谷,首先就與硅谷的著名企業家Jim Clark進行了會面。
21.Why were venture capitalists willing to join in Clark’s investment?
A.。詳解:四個選項均以They開頭,A.“他們對他的新想法充滿信心”、B.“他們相信他的計算機專業知識”、C.“他們對新科技十分狂熱”、D.“他們相信他的業務關系”都是在表述“他們”對于“他”的看法.聽錄音時首先要確定的是They和he分別指代的是什么人,才能正確判斷他們之間的關聯。短文最后一部分說,Clark不僅自己投了資,還為Andreessen找了風險投資家,他們之所以愿意為Andreessen投資,主要是因為他們熱衷于Clark的新想法。

22.What is probably the best form of advertising according to the speaker?
C.。詳解:選項均為名詞短語,A.、B.、C.三個選項描述的都是廣告類型,D.雖然沒有出現advertising一詞,但“分發免費試用品”也是廣告推銷的一種形式,可以判定本題考查內容與廣告形式有關。短文開頭處提到,最好的廣告形式就是臼口相傳,也就是人們會把自己認為不錯的產品或服務推薦給朋友。
23.What does the speaker say is purpose of many organizations’using prestige advertising?
B.。詳解:選項均為不定式短語,通常不定式短語所表達的是目的、打算或是即將發生的行為動作,由各選項意思:A.“銷售特定商品”、B.“樹立聲譽”、C.“推廣特定服務”和D.“吸引高端客戶”可以推測,本題考查內容與廣告的目的有關。短文中提到很多機構通過廣告公司進行宣傳,并不一定是想要銷售產品,更多的是想樹立企業或公司的良好聲譽。
24.How do large companies generally handle their advertising?
A.。詳解:四個選項均為以By開頭的介詞短語,介詞by通常表示某種方式或手段,由各選項的意思:
A.“使用大型廣告公司的服務”、B.“雇用自己的專業廣告人員”、C.“在行業領先的報紙上購買廣告空間”和D.“制作自己的廣告”可知,本題考查的是通過何種手段進行廣告活動。短文中提到,雖然對于大公司來說,建立自己的廣告部門、自己撰寫廣告方案、購買媒體空間都不是多么困難的事情,但他們還是傾向于借助大型廣告公司所提供的服務來做廣告。
25.What would advertising agencies often do before a national campaign?
D.。詳解:四個選項均為動詞原形開頭的句子結構,可以判定本題考查的是行為動作,由B.選項中的survey和D.選項中的Pre.test,ads可以推測,本題考查內容與真正投放廣告前的行為有關。短文最后提到,廣告公司在向全國投放廣告之前,通常會先小范圍地在報紙、電視等渠道上進行測試,也就是說,他們會在特定的地區進行廣告試驗。

26.eternal。詳解:空格位于不定冠詞an和名詞concept之間,應該填入以元音發音開頭的形容詞作定語,修飾名詞concept。第一句提到物種滅絕是一個不容易理解的概念,而在下文提到,它與殺死那些可以再重生的單個生命形式不同,也就是說,  它是一個永遠無法逆轉的概念。eternal意為“永遠的,永恒的”。
27.diminishing。詳解:空格所在句和后面兩句構成了排比句式,說明了extinction這一概念的獨特性。空格所在句為倒裝句,充當句子的表語,由于空格后有名詞,因此,填入的詞需要和名詞numbers一起構成名詞性短語。由句意可知,滅絕不僅僅是數字的減少。diminish意為“減少,減小”。
28.absolute。詳解:空格位于連詞and之前,需要填入一個形容詞,與final形成并列關系,一起來修飾名詞act。物種的滅絕是永遠的消失,絕對不會再出現。absolute意為“絕對的”。
29.succeed。詳解:空格位于狀語從句中的謂語部分,由于前面的主語為復數,主句時態一般將來時,因此,空格內填人動詞的一般現在時。由空格后的in coming centuries可知,此處要表達的意思是:不管在我們之后還有多少代人會繼續生存,都不會再看到那些已經滅絕的物種了。succeed意為“接替,繼承”。
30.on a vast scale。詳解:空格所在句不缺少句子主要成分,因此,應填入副詞或副詞短語,充當句子的狀語。上一段提到了滅絕,本段提到了人類對自然資源的浪費和破壞,這些都是大范圍的行為。on a vast scale意為“大面積的,大范圍的”。
31.As regards。詳解:空格與其后的名詞短語basic natural resources不是句子主干的一部分,因此需要填人介詞,構成介詞短語。上一句說到了人類對天空、大地和空氣的污染,本句則提到了自然資源。As regards意為“至于,關于”。注意空格位于句首,As首字母需要大寫。
32.used up。詳解:空格位于句子的謂語部分,與are…being連在一起構成現在進行時的被動語態,表示“正在被……”,因此應該填入動詞或動詞詞組。由but we are also rtfinin9可知,此處要表達的意思是:我們正在以瘋狂的速度和手段將自然界中不可再生的資源消耗殆盡。used up意為“用光,消耗光”。注意使用動詞的過去分詞形式。
33.disposing。詳解:空格前有兩個動名詞processing,consuming,由and確認這三個詞應該是并列關系,因此也填入動詞的一ing形式。這里要表達的意思是:人類正在處理、消耗、丟棄珍貴的資源。disposing意為“處理,扔掉”。
34.modification。詳解:空格位于形容詞cultural之后,應該填入名詞,與cultural形成名詞短語后,再通過OI?與historical change形成并列關系。與change“變化”相對應的詞為modification。modification意為“修改,改變”。
35.magnitude。詳解:空格位于介詞0f之后,應該填入名詞,充當介詞的賓語。空格所在句要表達的意思是:人類正在經歷的變革十分重大,不僅是簡單的歷史變遷或是文化變更,而是地理、生物以及心理等各種秩序的重大變革。magnitude意為“重要性。重要程度”。