新概念英語第三冊56:Our neighbour,the river
 

一、聽力mp3

(請同學們先聽一邊課文聽力,再逐次查看課文與翻譯內容。)
 

 
1.課文
The river which forms the eastern boundary of our farm has always played an important part in our lives. Without it we could not make a living. There is only enough spring water to supply the needs of the houses, so we have to pump from the river for farm use. We tell river all our secrets. We know instinctively, just as beekeepers with their bees, that misfortune might overtake us if the important events of our lives were not related to it.
We have special river birthday parties in the summer. Sometimes were go upstream to a favourite backwater, sometimes we have our party at the boathouse, which a predecessor of ours at the farm built in the meadow hard by the deepest pool for swimming and diving. In a heat wave we choose a midnight birthday party and that is the most exciting of all. We welcome the seasons by the riverside, crowning the youngest girl with flowers in the spring, holding a summer festival on Midsummer Eve, giving thanks for the harvest in the autumn, and throwing a holy wreath into the current in the winter.
After a long period of rain the river may overflow its banks. This is a rare occurrence as our climate seldom guest to extremes. We are lucky in that only the lower fields, which make up a very small proportion of our farm, are effected by flooding, but other farms are less favorably sited, and flooding can sometimes spell disaster for their owners.
One had winter we watched the river creep up the lower meadows. All the cattle had been moved into stalls and we stood to lose little. We were, however, worried about our nearest neighbors, whose farm was low lying and who were newcomers to the district. As the floods had put the telephone out of order, we could not find out how they were managing. From an attic window we could get a sweeping view of the river where their land joined ours, and at the most critical juncture we took turns in watching that point. The first sign of disaster was a dead sheep floating down. Next came a horse, swimming bravely, but we were afraid that the strength of the current would prevent its landing anywhere before it became exhausted. Suddenly a raft appeared, looking rather like Noah's ark, carrying the whole family, a few hens, the dogs, cat, and bird in a cage. We realized that they must have become unduly frightened by the rising flood, for their house, which had sound foundations, would have stood stoutly even if it had been almost submerged. The men of our family waded down through our flooded meadows with boathooks, in the hope of being able to grapple a corner of the raft and pull it out of the current towards our bank. We still think it a miracle that they we able to do so.
 
2.翻譯
形成我們農場東部邊界的一條河流一直在我們生活中發揮著重要作用。要是沒有這條河,我們就無法生存下去。泉水只能滿足家庭生活用水,因此我們必須從河里抽水以用于農業生產。我們向那條河傾訴我們的秘密。我們本能地懂得,就像養蜂人和他的蜜蜂那樣,要是我們不把生活中的重大的事件告訴那條河,就可能大禍臨頭。
夏天,我們為這條河舉辦特殊的生日宴會。有時,我們溯流而上來到我們喜愛的回水河汊舉辦;有時在船塢舉辦。那船塢是農場一位前輩在一塊草地上蓋的,草地緊挨著一個專供游泳、跳水的深水池。天氣炎熱時,我們便選擇在半夜舉辦生日聚會,這種聚會是最令人激動的。我們在河邊迎接一年四季。春天在河邊為最年輕的姑娘戴上花冠,夏天在河邊歡慶“仲夏前夜”,秋天在河邊豐收而感恩,冬天往河中拋撒一個冬表花環。
久雨這后,河水會泛濫成災,但是在我們這里,氣候很少發生異常,河水極少泛濫。值得慶幸的是,只有低洼的受到洪水影響,而低洼地在我們農場比例很小。其他農場地勢欠佳,洪水有時會給農場主帶來災難。
有一年冬天,天氣不好,我們眼看著河水浸沒了地勢較低的草場。所有的牲口已提前轉移到畜圈里,沒有造成什么損失。不過,我們很為我們的近鄰擔心。他們的農場地勢低洼,而且他們又新來乍到。由于洪水造成了電話中斷,我們無法了解他們情況。從頂樓窗口看去,我們農場與他們農場接壤處的那段河流一覽無余。在最緊急的時刻,我們輪流監視那段河流的險情。災難的第一跡象是一只死羊順流而下,接著一匹活馬勇敢地與水搏擊。但我們擔心,洪水力量將使它上岸之前就筋疲力盡了。突然,出現了一只筏子,看起來很像諾亞方舟,上面載著他們全家老小,還有幾只母雞、幾只狗,一只貓與一只鳥籠,那里頭有一只小鳥。我們意識到他們一定是被不斷上漲的洪水嚇壞了。因為他們的房子地基牢固,即使洪水幾乎滅頂也不會倒塌。我家的男人們手拿船篙過被水淹沒草場,希望能夠鉤住筏子一角,將它拽出激流,拖回岸邊。他們終于成功了。至今我們仍認為這是個奇跡。
 

二、學習視頻

 

 

三、課文精講

(課文精講根據順序分析課文重點)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )
 
1 Without it we could not make a living.
Without it 是非正式條件句的作用,所以主句用could not
make a living 謀生
 
2 Sometimes were go upstream to a favourite backwater, sometimes we have our party at the boathouse, which a predecessor of ours at the farm built in the meadow hard by the deepest pool for swimming and diving.
兩個Sometimes 后面是兩個并列關系的主句,它們由"逗號"連接, 這種現象較少見. 一般在逗號后加上連詞"and"
which the boathouse 引導定從
 
3 We welcome the seasons by the riverside, crowning the youngest girl with flowers in the spring, holding a summer festival on Midsummer Eve, giving thanks for the harvest in the autumn, and throwing a holy wreath into the current in the winter.
這個句中有三個分詞短語組成的并列狀語.它們是crowning ...giving... throwing... , 它們都是表伴隨狀態
 
4 We are lucky in that only the lower fields, which make up a very small proportion of our farm, are effected by flooding, but other farms are less favorably sited, and flooding can sometimes spell disaster for their owners.
這句有三個主句,其中連詞 but 之前的句子和后兩個是讓步轉折的關系,連詞 and連接后兩個并列關系的句子
spell... for somebody
 
5 Next came a horse, swimming bravely, ...
Next came a horse 是倒裝語序, 正常語序: a horse came next.
 
6 We realized that they must have become unduly frightened by the rising flood, for their house, which had sound foundations, would have stood stoutly even if it had been almost submerged.
用must 表示猜測, 猜測過去的事用 must have done;
the rising 修飾 flood; 表示"不斷上漲的洪水"
for 引導原因狀語從句
sound adj. 健全的,可靠的
submerged V 淹沒
 
7 One had winter we watched the river creep up the lower meadows.
creep up 作賓語補足語,他其實是一個不帶 to 不定式, 因為動詞是watch ,所以省略to
 
重點結構表達:
 
be related to... 與...相關
hard by 緊挨著
spell... for somebody 給...帶來...
make a living 謀生
make up 補足,拼湊
take turns 輪流
floating down 順流而下
waded down 趟過
in the hope of 抱著...希望
pull ... out of 把...拖出...
creep up 慢慢地爬上
 

四、單詞學習

1、提示:n.名詞、adj.形容詞、vi.不及物動詞、vt.及物動詞、adv.副詞、prep.介詞、pron.代詞、int.感嘆詞、num.數詞、abbr.短語縮寫
2、雙擊或選中某個單詞可劃詞查字典,如下圖:(手機端無法使用此功能)

劃詞工具示意圖

劃詞工具示意圖

3、單詞列表:
boundary
n. 界線;邊界
pump
v. 用泵抽
overtake
v. 突然降臨
backwater
n. 回水河汊
predecessor
n. 前任,前輩
meadow
n. 草地,草場
crown
v. 給……戴花環
holly
n. 一種冬青植物
wreath
n. 花環
occurrence
n. 偶發事件
proportion
n. 部分
site
v. 使位于
spell
v. 招致,帶來
stall
n. 牲口棚
attic
n. 頂樓
sweeping
adj. 范圍廣大的
critical
adj. 危急的
juncture
n. 時刻,關頭
raft
n. 木筏
unduly
adv. 過度地
foundations
n. 地基
stoutly
adv. 牢固地,粗壯的
submerge
v. 浸沒
grapple
v. 抓住
 

五、課后練習答案

1b 2a 3c 4c 5d 6c 7b 8c 9a 10d 11c 12a