過去進行時的結構、用法、定義詳細講解
 

一、過去進行時的結構

was/were+現在分詞

二、過去進行時用法、定義詳細講解

1、表示過去某一時刻或某階段正在發生的動作
例句:
He was playing table tennis at five yesterday afternoon.
他昨天下午5點一直在玩乒乓球。
We were expecting you yesterday.
我們昨天一直在等你。
2、不與時間狀語連用可以表示逐漸的變化或發展。
例句:
The wind was rising.
起風了。
It was getting dark.天漸漸黑了。
3、用在條件或時間狀語從句中表示過去將來正在進行的動作。
例句:
He told me to wake him up if he was sleeping.
他告訴我如果他睡著的話就叫醒他。
4、表示某種持續動作作為背景(一個畫面,一種背景),以此引出一般過去時表示的新動作。
例句:
The baby was crying,and suddenly the crying stopped.
嬰兒在哭,突然哭聲停止了。
I was leaving the office when the telephone rang.
我正要離開辦公司,電話鈴響了。
5、描繪一片景象。
例句:
It was a summer morning in the country.The sun was just rising.A gentle wind was blowing.Some birds were singing merrily,flying from tree to tree.
這是鄉間的一個夏日清晨。太陽剛剛升起。一陣微風吹過。一些鳥兒歡快地鳴唱著,在樹林間飛來飛去。
6、表示按計劃安排過去將要發生的動作,過去的預想。
例句:
At the end of the week she phoned to say that she was returning.她在周末打電話來說她就要回來了。 I thought you were leaving.我原以為你要走的。 Ten of them were coming for the meeting.他們有十個人要來參加會議。
7、與forever,continually,always,constantly等連用,表示某種感情色彩。
例句:
He was always changing his mind.
他老是改變主意。
She was forever grumbling.
她老是發牢騷。
8、表示婉轉語氣,只限于want,hope,wonder等動詞,用以提出請求。
例句:
I was wondering if you could help me.
我想知道你是否能夠幫助我。
I was hoping you could send me the book.
我想知道你是否能把書借給我。
9、表示動作的未完成性。過去進行時可以表示動作的未完成性,即對某事了解的不全面,希望得到更詳細的情況。
例句:
I was hearing Susan had entered the college.
我聽說蘇珊上了大學。
10、表示繼續剛剛中斷的談話,用于日常生活中。
例句:
As I were telling you,the boy took his stubbornness from his father.
正想我剛剛告訴你的,這孩子的犟脾氣是他爸爸遺傳給他的。
As she was telling me,we must depend upon ourselves to make our own way as best we can.
正如她所告訴我的,我們必須依靠自己竭盡全力走自己的路。
11、表示最近過去的事情。
例句:
I was hearing Susan had entered the college.
我聽說蘇珊進了大學。
Tom was telling me about it this morning.
湯姆今天早上告訴了我這件事。
12、表示與現在事實相反或將來的猜想情況,有時表示不耐煩等情緒。
例句:
I was going to phone you,but I just didn't have time.
我本想給你打電話的,但就是沒有時間。
The basketball match was taking place the next day,but it had to be cancelled because of the heavy rain.
籃球賽原定第二天舉行的,但因大雨不得不取消。
I thought you were never coming.
我以為你總不會來了。
13、表示過去未實現的愿望或打算。
例句:
She was coming.
她本來要來的。
He was watching the play yesterday,but he was too busy.
他昨天本來要看那場戲的,可是太忙了。
14、表示對比。
例句: He was not sitting idle,he was making preparations.
他沒有閑坐著,他在做準備。
While the children were playing in the shade,their parents were working in the scorching sun.
孩子們在樹蔭下玩耍,而他們的父母卻在烈日下勞作。
15、表示原因。
例句:
I didn't hear what you said;I was looking at the picture.
我沒有聽見你的話,我在看那幅畫。
I haven't finished my homework yet,I was helping my mother in the kitchen all day yesterday.
我還沒完成作業,我昨天一整天都在幫媽媽干廚房活。
16、對所說的話進行強調。在小說的對話中,有時引述動詞不用一般過去時,而用過去進行時,意在強調所說的話,語氣較重,且更為生動。
例句:
A:“Did they catch her?"Mary was asking.
“他們抓住她了嗎?”只聽得瑪麗問道。
B:"No,she escaped."Tom told her.
“沒有,她逃走了。”湯姆告訴她。