One of the most famous monuments in the world, the Statue of Liberty, was presented to the United States of America in the nineteenth century by the people of France. The great statue, which was designed by the sculptor Auguste Bartholdi, took ten years to complete. The actual figure was made of copper supported by a metal framework which had been especially constructed by Eiffel. Before it could be transported to the United States, a site had to be found for it and a pedestal had to be built. The site chosen was an island at the entrance of New York Harbour. By 1884, a statue which was 151 feet tall had been erected in Paris. The following year, it was taken to pieces and sent to America. By the end of October 1886, the statue had been put together again and it was officially presented to the American people by Bartholdi. Ever since then, the great monument has been a symbol of liberty for the millions of people who have passed through New York Harbour to make their homes in America.
1．One of the most famous monuments in the world, the Statue of Liberty, was presented to… by the people of France. 世界上最著名的紀念碑之一的自由女神雕像是……由法國人民贈送給……的。
（1）one of 引導的短語（其后面名詞要用復數）與 the Statue of…為同位語。
（2）the people 通常指某個國家的人民，指復數的“人們”時通常不用 the：
It was officially presented to the American people by Bartholdi.
He never pays attention to what people say.
A lot of / Few people went to their wedding.
2．The actual figure was made of copper…
made of 指用某種材料制成，并且原材料的性質或形狀沒變，從成品可以看出其原材料。（cf．第10課詞匯學習）
3．it was taken to pieces，它被拆成若干小塊。
take…to pieces 為固定短語，表示“把……拆開／拆散”：
When the machine broke down again, some mechanics took it to pieces.
This machine is too large to be transported in whole. It has to be taken to pieces first.
4．the statue had been put together again，這座雕像被重新組裝起來。
put… together 為固定短語（是take…to pieces的反義詞），表示“把……裝配／組合起來”：
They managed to put the machine together.
I can't put the broken vase together.
5．to make their homes in America，在美國安家落戶。make one's home 表示“定居”、“居住”：
Ian (has) left England and made his home in China.
noble adj. 高尚的，壯麗的
monument n. 紀念碑
statue n. 雕像
liberty n. 自由
present v. 贈送
sculptor n. 雕刻家
actual adj. 實際的，真實的
copper n. 銅
support v. 支持，支撐
framework n. 構架，框架
transport v. 運送
site n. 場地
pedestal n. 底座
The actual figure was supported by a metal framework.
Feeling weak, she supported herself against a desk and rested for a short time.
He made the right decision. Unfortunately, nobody supported him.
I supported his opinion that another bridge should be built over the river.
You need a high income these days to support a large family.
My son can support himself now.
We will send a present to our former headmaster.
The Statue of Liberty was presented to the United States of
America in the nineteenth century by the people of France.
自由女神雕像是在19世紀時由法國人民贈送給美國的。前一句中，present 是名詞，重音在第1個音節上；后一句中，present 是動詞，重音在第2個音節上。如下頁所示，這些單詞同present 相似，作動詞時重音在后，作名詞時重音在前，有些在意義上會發生變化
A was presented (1.2); was designed (1.4); took (1.4); was made of (1.5); supported by (1.5); had been… constructed (1.6); could be transported (1.7); had to be found (11.7-8); had to be built (1.8); was (1.8); was(1.9); had been erected(1.9); was taken to pieces(1.10); sent(1.10); had been put…was…presented(1.10); has been (1.12); have passed through(1.12)
1 'exported… 'imported
(Note: the direct contrast between EXported and IMported in this sentence makes it necessary to stress the prefixes of these verbs. Normally, of course, the stress would be: ex'ported…im'ported.)
2 'records… 'exports
1c 2d 3b 4a 5c 6c
7c 8d 9c 10b 11d 12b