Fish and chips has always been a favourite dish in Britain, but as the oceans have been overfished, fish has become more and more expensive. So it comes as a surprise to learn that giant fish are terrifying the divers on North Sea oil rigs. Oil rigs have to be repaired frequently and divers, who often have to work in darkness a hundred feet under water, have been frightened out of their wits by giant fish bumping into them as they work. Now they have had special cages made to protect them from these monsters. The fish are not sharks or killer whales, but favourite eating varieties like cod and skate which grow to unnatural sizes, sometimes as much as twelve feet in length. Three factors have caused these fish to grow so large: the warm water round the hot oil pipes under the sea; the plentiful supply of food thrown overboard by the crews on the rigs; the total absence of fishing boats around the oil rigs. As a result, the fish just eat and eat and grow and grow in the lovely warm water. Who eats who?
1．Fish and chips has always been a favourite dish in Britain…油煎魚加炸土豆片一直是英國人喜愛的一道菜……
fish and chips被看做是一個整體，因此，雖然chips是復數形式，它后面卻要跟動詞的單數形式。（cf．本課詞匯學習）dish在這里指“一盤菜”或“菜肴”、“食品”：
I like French dishes.
Would you like a sweet dish?
2．…divers…have been frightened out of their wits by giant fish bumping into them as they work．……潛水員……曾在工作時被撞到他們身上的大魚嚇得驚慌失措。
（1）out of one's wits表示“失去理智”、“驚慌失措”：
She was frightened out of her wits by the great fire.
Are you out of your wits?
Wandering in darkness, the drunk bumped into a policeman.
I bumped into Jane at the conference.
3．Now they have had special cages made to protect them from these monsters. 現在他們有了特制的籠子，用來保護他們免受大魚的侵襲。
（1）have had…made 是使役式的完成式。（cf．第66課語法）
He tried to protect the child from the rain/the dog.
This coat will protect you against the cold.
4．favourite eating varieties, 深受人們喜愛的食用的品種。
Eating corn is quite sweet.
These are eating apples, and those are cooking apples/ones.
5．the total absence of fishing boats around the oil rigs, 鉆井平臺周圍根本沒有捕魚船只。
His letter is a total surprise to her.
That girl is a total stranger to me.
These plants don't grow well because of the absence of rain/sunshine.
6．as a result，結果，因此。
He didn't work hard at mathematics. As a result, he failed in the examination.
My husband Spent weeks training our dog to press its paw on the latch. As a result, it has become an expert at opening the gate.
chip n. 油煎土豆片
overfish v. 過度捕撈
giant adj. 巨大的
terrify v. 嚇，使恐怖
diver n. 潛水員
oil rig 石油鉆塔
wit n. （復數）理智，頭腦
cage n. 籠
shark n. 鯊魚
whale n. 鯨
variety n. 品種
cod n. 鱈
skate n. 鰩
factor n. 因素
crew n. 全體工作人員
He received special care while in Paris.
He intends to send you a special gift on your birthday.
Special cages are made to protect them from giant fish.
A special railway line will be built for the Olympic Games.
Jane and Bill have got married last week.
An umbrella and a suitcase are still needed.
（2）有些名詞由于經常在一起連用，人們已把它們看成一個整體（或一個單位），因而成了一種復合名詞。它們不僅有固定的詞序，且后面的謂語動詞通常要用單數形式。這類復合名詞包括bacon and eggs（咸肉和雞蛋），bread and butter（面包和黃油），cheese and wine（奶酪和葡萄酒），fish and chips（魚和油炸土豆片），a knife and fork（一副刀叉），sausage (s) and mash（香腸和土豆泥）。
Fish and chips is a popular meal in Britain.
Bacon and eggs is my favourite dish.
Fish and chips make a good meal.
B 1 They have had special cages made to protect the divers from these monsters.
2 The oil companies have had the rigs repaired frequently.
3 The divers often have to work in total darkness.
4 He has had a book published.
5 We have to protect fish stocks.
6 We have not had the letter sent to his new address.
7‘I will have the package sent to you,’she promised.
8 Do you have to go so soon?
9 Are you going to have this suit cleaned?
10 When will you have this loose handle fixed?
11 I have to take this cap in to have new brakes fitted.
12 How long is it since you had to see a doctor?
13 The doctor told me I had to get more exercise.
1 is 2 is 3 are 4 Is 5 have
1b 2c 3c 4c 5a 6b
7c 8b 9a 10d 11d 12d