Perhaps the most extraordinary building of the nineteeth century was the Crystal Palace, which was built in Hyde Park for the Great Exhibition of 1851. The Crystal Palace was different from all other buildings in the world, for it was made of iron and glass. It was one of the biggest buildings of all time and a lot of people from many countries came to see it. A great many goods were sent to the exhibition from various parts of the world. There was also a great deal of machinery on display. The most wonderful piece of machinery on show was Nasmyth's steam hammer. Though in those days, traveling was not as easy as it is today, steam boats carried thousands of visitors across the Channel from Europe. On arriving in England, they were taken to the Crystal Palace by train. There were six million visitors in all, and the profits from the exhibition were used to build museums and colleges. Later, the Crystal Palace was moved to South London. It remained one of the most famous buildings in the world until it was burnt down in 1936.
課文詳注 Further notes on the text
1． which was built in Hyde Park…
這是一個非限定性關系從句，修飾逗號前的 the Crystal Palace。
2．It was one of the biggest buildings of all time…它是有史以來最高大的建筑物之一……
of all time表示“有史以來”、“空前的”，常與形容詞的最高級連
He is one of the greatest men of all time.
3．There was also a great deal of machinery on display. 參展的還有很多機器。
（1）machinery為“機器”、“機械裝置”的總稱，是集合名詞，要與單數動詞搭配。某個具體的機器可用 machine或者 a piece of machinery來表示：
This is a wonderful piece of machinery/a wonderful machine.
There is a lot of new machinery/There are many new machines in our factory.
（2）on display與下面一句話中的 on show同義，都表示“陳列著”、“展示著”，在句子中可以作狀語、定語或表語等：
At the Great Exhibition, a great many goods were on display/show.
This is the best dress on display/show.
Shall we put all these flowers on display/show?
4． There were six million visitors in all…參觀的人數總共是 600 萬……
I paid him ￡ 200 in all.
At the wedding were over 100 people in all.
5. It remained one of the most famous buildings in the world…它
Why did you remain silent/quiet at the dinner party?
They all remained standing while the manager talked.
palace n. 宮殿
extraordinary adj. 不平常的，非凡的
exhibition n. 展覽
iron n. 鐵
various adj. 各種各樣的
machinery n. 機器
display n. 展覽
steam n. 蒸汽
profit n. 利潤
college n. 學院
Stores haven't made as much profit as usual this year.
The profits from the exhibition were used to build museums and colleges.
I have profited much from your advice/this book/living abroad.
（1）on business,因公（與 for pleasure相對）：
Last month he went to New York on business and had little time to visit friends.
（2）on foot,步行（與by bus, by car, by air等相對）：
I usually go to work by car, but this morning I went on foot.
It was Sunday and there was only one doctor on duty.
（4）on the whole,總的看來，總的來說，大體上：
On the whole, he is a hard-working student.
Soon the whole building was on fire.
（6）on purpose，故意地，有意地，特意地（與by chance相對）：
They have come here on purpose to see you．
She broke the vase on purpose．
（7）on the average，平均，通常：
On the average, he works more than ten hours a day．
（8）on any account，無論如何，不管怎么說（通常用于否定句）：
Do not interrupt him on any account．
（9）on second thought（s），經重新考慮后（thought用單數或復數均可）：
I intended to go to the party, but on second thought(s), I decided to stay at home．
A the most extraordinary building of the nineteenth century (1.1); one of the biggest buildings of all time (11.4-5), The most wonderful piece of machinery on show (11.8-9); travelling was not as easy as it is today (1.9); one of the most famous buildings in the world (1.13)
1 on duty 2 on second thoughts 3 on purpose
4 on foot 5 on the whole 6 on any account
7 On the average
1c 2b 3d 4a 5d 6c
7a 8d 9c 10c 11d 12b