新概念英語視頻及MP3下載(百度云)
新概念英語視頻及MP3下載(百度云)

一、聽力mp3

(請同學們先聽一邊課文聽力,再逐次查看課文與翻譯內容。)

1.課文
Perhaps the most extraordinary building of the nineteeth century was the Crystal Palace, which was built in Hyde Park for the Great Exhibition of 1851. The Crystal Palace was different from all other buildings in the world, for it was made of iron and glass. It was one of the biggest buildings of all time and a lot of people from many countries came to see it. A great many goods were sent to the exhibition from various parts of the world. There was also a great deal of machinery on display. The most wonderful piece of machinery on show was Nasmyth's steam hammer. Though in those days, traveling was not as easy as it is today, steam boats carried thousands of visitors across the Channel from Europe. On arriving in England, they were taken to the Crystal Palace by train. There were six million visitors in all, and the profits from the exhibition were used to build museums and colleges. Later, the Crystal Palace was moved to South London. It remained one of the most famous buildings in the world until it was burnt down in 1936.

2.翻譯
19世紀最不尋常的建筑也許要數水晶宮了,它是為1851年的“世界博覽會”而建在海德公園的。這座水晶宮不同于世界上所有的其他建筑,因為它是用鋼和玻璃建成的。它是有史以來最高大的建筑物之一,因此,人們從各個國家紛紛前來參觀。大量的商品從世界各地運送到了博覽會,參展的還有很多機器,其中最奇妙的是內史密斯的蒸汽錘。盡管在當時旅行不像現在這么容易,但汽船還是把成千上萬的參觀者從歐洲大陸送過了英吉利海峽。一到英國,火車就把他們送到了水晶宮。參觀的人數總共是600萬。博覽會的贏利用來建造博物館和高等學校。后來,“水晶宮”被移到了倫敦南部。在1936年被焚毀之前,它一直是世界上最著名的建筑物之一。

 

二、學習視頻


(手機端無法播放視頻,請從PC上瀏覽)

三、課文精講

(課文精講根據順序分析課文重點)

課文詳注 Further notes on the text
1. which was built in Hyde Park…
這是一個非限定性關系從句,修飾逗號前的 the Crystal Palace。
這個從句如果去掉并不影響主句的意思。
2.It was one of the biggest buildings of all time…它是有史以來最高大的建筑物之一……
of all time表示“有史以來”、“空前的”,常與形容詞的最高級連
用,表示范圍:
He is one of the greatest men of all time.
他是有史以來最偉大的人物之一。
one of+最高級+復數名詞結構的語氣比直接用形容詞最高級
+名詞結構要緩和些,不那么絕對。試比較:
3.There was also a great deal of machinery on display. 參展的還有很多機器。
(1)machinery為“機器”、“機械裝置”的總稱,是集合名詞,要與單數動詞搭配。某個具體的機器可用 machine或者 a piece of machinery來表示:
This is a wonderful piece of machinery/a wonderful machine.
這是一臺奇妙的機器。
There is a lot of new machinery/There are many new machines in our factory.
我們廠里有許多新機器。
(2)on display與下面一句話中的 on show同義,都表示“陳列著”、“展示著”,在句子中可以作狀語、定語或表語等:
At the Great Exhibition, a great many goods were on display/show.
世界博覽會上展出了大量的商品。(表語)
This is the best dress on display/show.
這是展出的最好的衣服。(定語)
Shall we put all these flowers on display/show?
我們要把所有這些花都陳列出來嗎?(賓語補足語)
4. There were six million visitors in all…參觀的人數總共是 600 萬……
in all為固定短語,其含義之一為“總共”、“合計”:
I paid him £ 200 in all.
我一共付給他200英鎊。
At the wedding there were over 100 people in all.
參加婚禮的共有一百多人。
5. It remained one of the most famous buildings in the world…它
一直是世界上最著名的建筑物之一……
remain在這里作系動詞,表示“保持不變”、“仍然”(后面可跟形容詞、名詞、動名詞等):
Why did you remain silent/quiet at the dinner party?
你在宴會上為何一言不發?
They all remained standing while the manager talked.
經理講話時他們一直站著。

四、單詞學習

1、提示:n.名詞、adj.形容詞、vi.不及物動詞、vt.及物動詞、adv.副詞、prep.介詞、pron.代詞、int.感嘆詞、num.數詞、abbr.短語縮寫
2、雙擊或選中某個單詞可劃詞查字典。(手機端無法使用此功能)

3、單詞列表:
palace n. 宮殿
extraordinary adj. 不平常的,非凡的
exhibition n. 展覽
iron n. 鐵
various adj. 各種各樣的
machinery n. 機器
display n. 展覽
steam n. 蒸汽
profit n. 利潤
college n. 學院

五、重點難點

(重點難點包括語法、短語固定搭配、習慣用語等內容)

1.profit
(1)n.利潤,贏利;得益:
Stores haven't made as much profit as usual this year.
今年商店的贏利不如往常多。(不可數名詞)
The profits from the exhibition were used to build museums and colleges.
博覽會的贏利用來建造博物館和高等學校。(可數名詞)
(2)vi.獲益,得益;獲利:
I have profited much from your advice/this book/living abroad.
你的建議/這本書/生活在國外使我獲益匪淺。
2.與on有關的介詞短語
在課文評注3中我們學習了on display/show。on還可以與其
他一些名詞組成介詞短語,常見的有:
(1)on business,因公(與 for pleasure相對):
Last month he went to New York on business and had little time to visit friends.
他上月因公事去紐約,幾乎沒有時間拜訪朋友。
(2)on foot,步行(與by bus, by car, by air等相對):
I usually go to work by car, but this morning I went on foot.
我通常開車去上班,但今天上午我是步行去的。
(3)on duty,值班,值班的:
It was Sunday and there was only one doctor on duty.
那天是星期天,只有一位醫生在值班。
(4)on the whole,總的看來,總的來說,大體上:
On the whole, he is a hard-working student.
總的來說,他是個用功的學生。
(5)on fire,起火,著火:
Soon the whole building was on fire.
整個大樓很快便都著火了。
(6)on purpose,故意地,有意地,特意地(與by chance相對):
They have come here on purpose to see you.
他們特意來看望你。
She broke the vase on purpose.
她故意把花瓶打碎。
(7)on the average,平均,通常:
On the average, he works more than ten hours a day.
他平均每天要工作十多個小時。
(8)on any account,無論如何,不管怎么說(通常用于否定句):
Do not interrupt him on any account.
你一定不要打斷他(的話)。
(9)on second thought(s),經重新考慮后(thought用單數或復數均可):
I intended to go to the party, but on second thought(s), I decided to stay at home.
我原打算去參加聚會,但經過重新考慮,決定呆在家里。

 

六、課后練習答案

1.關鍵句型練習答案
A the most extraordinary building of the nineteenth century (1.1); one of the biggest buildings of all time (11.4-5), The most wonderful piece of machinery on show (11.8-9); travelling was not as easy as it is today (1.9); one of the most famous buildings in the world (1.13)
2.難點練習答案
1 on duty 2 on second thoughts 3 on purpose
4 on foot 5 on the whole 6 on any account
7 On the average
3.多項選擇題答案
1c 2b 3d 4a 5d 6c
7a 8d 9c 10c 11d 12b