新概念英語視頻及MP3下載(百度云)
新概念英語視頻及MP3下載(百度云)

新概念英語第一冊143課:A walk through

一、聽力mp3

(請同學們先聽一邊課文聽力,再逐次查看課文與翻譯內容。)

1.課文

I live in a very old town which is surrounded by beautiful woods. It is a famous beauty spot. On Sundays, hundreds of people come from the city to see our town and to walk through the woods. Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy. Litter baskets have been placed under the trees, but people still throw their rubbish everywhere. Last Wednesday, I went for a walk in the woods. What I saw made me very sad. I counted seven old cars and three old refrigerators. The little baskets were empty and the ground was covered with pieces of paper, cigarette ends, old tyres, empty bottles and rusty tins. Among the rubbish, I found a sign which said, 'Anyone who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted!'
2.翻譯
我住在一個由美麗的樹林環繞的古老的小鎮上。這是一個著名的風景勝地。每逢星期天,有許許多人從城里來觀賞我們的小鎮,并在樹林中散步。游客已被告知要保持樹林的整潔。樹下都已設置了廢物筐,但是人們仍到處扔垃圾。上星期三我到樹林里去散步。我所見到的一切使我非常難過。我數了一下,有7輛舊汽車和3個舊冰箱。廢物筐是空的,而滿地都是紙片、煙頭、舊輪胎,空瓶子和生銹的空罐頭盒。在垃圾堆中我發現了一塊牌子,上面寫著:“凡在此樹林里丟棄垃圾者,將依法處置"。

二、學習視頻

(新概念系列英語學習視頻由網友整理分享,僅供參考)

三、課文精講

(課文精講根據順序分析課文重點)

1.is surrounded by,由……環繞著。
2.hundreds of people,數以百計的(游)人。
3.Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy.游客已被告知要保持樹林的整潔。
句中 have been asked是被動語態的完成時結構。(詳見本課語法部分。)to keep the woods clean and tidy是動詞不定式短語,作主語visitors的補足語。clean and tidy 是賓語 the woods 的賓語補足語。
4.go for a walk,去散步。
5.What I saw made me very sad.我所見到的一切使我非常難過。
句中的主語What I saw 是 what 引導的名詞性從句。

四、單詞學習

1、提示:n.名詞、adj.形容詞、vi.不及物動詞、vt.及物動詞、adv.副詞、prep.介詞、pron.代詞、int.感嘆詞、num.數詞、abbr.短語縮寫
2、雙擊或選中某個單詞可劃詞查字典,如下圖:(手機端無法使用此功能)

劃詞工具示意圖

劃詞工具示意圖

3、單詞列表:
surround
v. 包圍
wood
n. 樹林
beauty spot
風景點
hundred
n. 百
city
n. 城市
through
prep.穿過
visitor
n. 參觀者,游客,來訪者
tidy
adj. 整齊的
litter
n. 雜亂的東西
litter basket
廢物筐
place
v. 放
throw( threw; thrown)
v. 扔,拋
rubbish
n. 垃圾
count
v. 數,點
cover
v. 覆蓋
piece
n. 碎片
tyre
n. 輪胎
rusty
adj. 生銹的
among
prep.在……之間
prosecute
v. 依法處置

五、重點難點

被動語態(1)
英語動詞有主動語態和被動語態之分。在主動句中,動詞的主語是執行動作的人或物。在被動句中,主語是動作的承受者。
在英語中被動詞態用得很普遍,這樣做可以避免用不明確的詞作主語,或是將說話的重點放在事件而不是造成該事件的人或物上。
被動語態的構成: be +過去分詞。
過去分詞不一定指過去。請看例句:
(1)一般現在時形式: am/are/is +過去分詞:
The room is aired regularly.
這個房間定期通風。
The knives are sharpened regularly.
刀定期磨。
(2)一般過去時形式: was/were +過去分詞:
She was dressed in red.
她身穿紅色衣服。
The windows were opened this morning.
窗戶今早是開著的/被打開了。
(3)英語中表達感情的動詞通常可用于被動式,這些動詞如
amuse, embarrass, worry, surprise, interest, upset等:
She is embarrassed.
她感到尷尬。
They were worried.
他們感到擔憂。

六、lesson 144 練習答案

A
1 The writer lives in a very old town which is surrounded by beautiful woods.
2 Because it is a famous beauty spot.
3 Visitors have been asked to keep the woods clean and tidy.
4 Litter baskets have been placed under the trees.
5 The writer went for a walk in the woods.
6 Yes, he saw a lot of rubbish.
7 He saw a sign among the rubbish.
8 The sign said, ‘Anyone who leaves litter in these woods will be prosecuted.
B
1 Someone has aired it. It has already been aired.
2 Someone has cleaned them. They have already been cleaned.
3 Someone has emptied it. It has already been emptied.
4 Someone has sharpened it. It has already been sharpened.
5 Someone has turned them on. They have already been turned on.
6 Someone has bought them. They have already been bought.
7 Someone has swept it. It has already been swept.
8 Someone has taken them to school. They have already been taken to school.
9 Someone has invited them. They have already been invited.
10 Someone has told them. They have already been told.
C
1 It hasn't been aired yeet. It will be aired tomorrow.
2 They haven't been cleaned yet. They will be cleaned tomorrow.
3 It hasn't been emptied yet. It will be emptied tomorrow.
4 It hasn't been sharpened yet. It will be sharpened tomorrow.
5 They haven't been turned on yet. They will be turned on tomorrow.
6 They haven't been watered yet. They will be watered tomorrow.
7 It hasn't been repaired yet. It will be repaired tomorrow.
8 It hasn't been dusted yet. It will be dusted tomorrow.
9 They haven't been corrected yet. They will be corrected tomorrow.
10 It hasn't been shut yet. It will be shut tomorrow.