Last week, my four year old daughter, Sally, was invited to a children’s party. I decided to take her by train. Sally was very excited because she had never travelled on a train before. She sat near the window and asked questions about everything she saw. Suddenly, a middle-aged lady got on the train and sat opposite Sally.
“Hello, little girl.” She said. Sally did not answer, but looked at her curiously.
The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat. After the train had left the station, the lady opened her handbag and took out her powder compact(粉盒). She then began to make up her face.
“Why are you doing that?” Sally asked.
“To make myself beautiful,” the lady answered. She put away her compact and smiled kindly.
“But you are still ugly.” Sally said. Sally was amused, but I was very embarrassed!
1．my four-year-old daughter，我那4歲的女兒。
four-year-old 是名詞 daughter的定語。各詞用連字符連在一起，構成一個復合形容詞。注意在這個復合詞中僅用 year，而不用復數：
a thirteen-year-old girl 一個13歲的姑娘
2．… Sally was invited to a children's party. ……薩莉被邀請去參加一個兒童聚會。
這是一個 的例子。在英文中，如果想避免用含混不清的詞（如 someone等）作主語，常常可使用被動詞態。（具體請參見本課 部分。）被動語態由相應的be動詞加上過去分詞構成：
It is repaired regularly.
They are corrected regularly.
He was met at the station this morning.
3．a middle-aged lady，一位中年女士。
6．make up her face，往她的臉上施脂粉。
7．To make myself beautiful …
這是一個省略句，句首省略了I am doing that，而只留下這個作目的狀語的 短語。
： be +過去分詞。
（1） 形式： am/are/is +過去分詞：
The room is aired regularly.
The knives are sharpened regularly.
（2） 形式： was/were +過去分詞：
She was dressed in red.
The windows were opened this morning.
amuse, embarrass, worry, surprise, interest, upset等：
She is embarrassed.
They were worried.
六、lesson 142 練習答案
1 Sally is four years old.
2 Because Sally had never travelled on a train before.
3 She sat near the window.
4 A middle-aged lady got on the train.
5 The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat.
6 She opened her handbag and took out her powder compact.
Then she began to make up her face.
7 Because she wanted to make herself beautiful.
8 No, she didn't.
1 Someone airs it regularly. It is aired regularly.
2 Someone cleans them regularly. They are cleaned regularly.
3 Someone empties it regularly. It is emptied regularly.
4 Someone sharpens it regularly. It is sharpened regularly.
5 Someone turns them on regularly. They are turned on regularly.
6 Someone waters them regularly. They are watered regularly.
7 Someone repairs it regularly. It is repaired regularly.
8 Someone dusts it regularly. It is dusted regularly.
9 Someone corrects them regularly. They are corrected regularly.
10 Someone shuts it regularly. It is shut regularly.
1 Someone watered them. They were watered this morning.
2 Someone repaired it. It was repaired this morning.
3 Someone dusted it. It was dusted this morning.
4 Someone corrected them. They were corrected this morning.
5 Someone shut it. It was shut this morning.
6 Someone bought them. They were bought this morning.
7 Someone swept it. It was swept this morning.
8 Someone took them to school. They were taken to school this morning.
9 Someone met them at the station. They were met at the station this morning.
10 Someone told them. They were told this morning.