新概念英語視頻及MP3下載(百度云)
新概念英語視頻及MP3下載(百度云)

一、聽力mp3

(請同學們先聽一邊課文聽力,再逐次查看課文與翻譯內容。)

1.課文
  Last week, my four year old daughter, Sally, was invited to a children’s party. I decided to take her by train. Sally was very excited because she had never travelled on a train before. She sat near the window and asked questions about everything she saw. Suddenly, a middle-aged lady got on the train and sat opposite Sally.
  “Hello, little girl.” She said. Sally did not answer, but looked at her curiously.
  The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat. After the train had left the station, the lady opened her handbag and took out her powder compact(粉盒). She then began to make up her face.
  “Why are you doing that?” Sally asked.
  “To make myself beautiful,” the lady answered. She put away her compact and smiled kindly.
  “But you are still ugly.” Sally said. Sally was amused, but I was very embarrassed!
2.翻譯
  上周,我4歲的女兒薩莉被邀請去參加一個兒童聚會。我決定帶她乘火車去。薩莉非常激動,因為她從未乘過火車。她靠車窗坐著,對她所看到的一切都要問個明白。突然,一個中年婦女上了火車,坐在薩莉的對面。“你好,小姑娘,”她說。薩莉沒回答,卻好奇地看著她。那位婦女穿著一件藍色的大衣,戴著一頂大而滑稽的帽子。火車開出車站后,那位婦女打開了手提包,拿出了粉盒。然后她開始打扮起來。“你為什么要那樣做呢?”薩莉問。“為了把自己打扮漂亮啊,”那位婦女答道。她放好了粉盒,慈祥地微笑著。“可是你仍然難看呀,”薩莉說。薩莉感到很有趣,而我卻很尷尬。

二、學習視頻

(新概念系列英語學習視頻由本站整理分享,僅供參考)

(手機端無法播放視頻,請從PC上瀏覽)

三、課文精講

(課文精講根據順序分析課文重點)

  1.my four-year-old daughter,我那4歲的女兒。
  four-year-old 是名詞 daughter的定語。各詞用連字符連在一起,構成一個復合形容詞。注意在這個復合詞中僅用 year,而不用復數:
  a thirteen-year-old girl 一個13歲的姑娘
  2.… Sally was invited to a children's party. ……薩莉被邀請去參加一個兒童聚會。
  這是一個被動語態的例子。在英文中,如果想避免用含混不清的詞(如 someone等)作主語,常常可使用被動詞態。(具體請參見本課語法部分。)被動語態由相應的be動詞加上過去分詞構成:
  It is repaired regularly.
  它定期修理。
  They are corrected regularly.
  它們得到了定期校正。
  He was met at the station this morning.
  今早有人在車站接他。
  3.a middle-aged lady,一位中年女士。
  middle-aged是一個復合形容詞,由名詞+過去分詞構成。又如:
  hand-made手工制作的
  4.opposite Sally,在薩莉的對面。
  這是介詞短語,作狀語,表示sat的具體情況。
  5.take out,拿出。
  6.make up her face,往她的臉上施脂粉。
  make up意為“化妝”、“打扮”(指擦胭脂、抹粉)。
  7.To make myself beautiful …
  把自己打扮漂亮……
  這是一個省略句,句首省略了I am doing that,而只留下這個作目的狀語的動詞不定式短語。
  8.put away,收拾好,儲存備用。

四、單詞學習

1、提示:n.名詞、adj.形容詞、vi.不及物動詞、vt.及物動詞、adv.副詞、prep.介詞、pron.代詞、int.感嘆詞、num.數詞、abbr.短語縮寫
2、雙擊或選中某個單詞可劃詞查字典,如下圖:(手機端無法使用此功能)

劃詞工具示意圖

劃詞工具示意圖

3、單詞列表:
  excited
  adj. 興奮的
  get on
  登上
  middle-aged
  adj. 中年的
  opposite
  prep.在……對面
  curiously
  adv.好奇地
  funny
  adj. 可笑的,滑稽的
  powder
  n. 香粉
  compact
  n. 帶鏡的化妝盒
  kindly
  adv. 和藹地
  ugly
  adj. 丑陋的
  amused
  adj. 有趣的
  smile
  v. 微笑
  embarrassed
  adj. 尷尬

五、重點難點

  被動語態(1)
  英語動詞有主動語態和被動語態之分。在主動句中,動詞的主語是執行動作的人或物。在被動句中,主語是動作的承受者。
  在英語中被動詞態用得很普遍,這樣做可以避免用不明確的詞作主語,或是將說話的重點放在事件而不是造成該事件的人或物上。
  被動語態的構成: be +過去分詞。
  過去分詞不一定指過去。請看例句:
  (1)一般現在時形式: am/are/is +過去分詞:
  The room is aired regularly.
  這個房間定期通風。
  The knives are sharpened regularly.
  刀定期磨。
  (2)一般過去時形式: was/were +過去分詞:
  She was dressed in red.
  她身穿紅色衣服。
  The windows were opened this morning.
  窗戶今早是開著的/被打開了。
  (3)英語中表達感情的動詞通常可用于被動式,這些動詞如
  amuse, embarrass, worry, surprise, interest, upset等:
  She is embarrassed.
  她感到尷尬。
  They were worried.
  他們感到擔憂。

六、lesson 142 練習答案

  A
  1 Sally is four years old.
  2 Because Sally had never travelled on a train before.
  3 She sat near the window.
  4 A middle-aged lady got on the train.
  5 The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat.
  6 She opened her handbag and took out her powder compact.
  Then she began to make up her face.
  7 Because she wanted to make herself beautiful.
  8 No, she didn't.
  B
  1 Someone airs it regularly. It is aired regularly.
  2 Someone cleans them regularly. They are cleaned regularly.
  3 Someone empties it regularly. It is emptied regularly.
  4 Someone sharpens it regularly. It is sharpened regularly.
  5 Someone turns them on regularly. They are turned on regularly.
  6 Someone waters them regularly. They are watered regularly.
  7 Someone repairs it regularly. It is repaired regularly.
  8 Someone dusts it regularly. It is dusted regularly.
  9 Someone corrects them regularly. They are corrected regularly.
  10 Someone shuts it regularly. It is shut regularly.
  C
  1 Someone watered them. They were watered this morning.
  2 Someone repaired it. It was repaired this morning.
  3 Someone dusted it. It was dusted this morning.
  4 Someone corrected them. They were corrected this morning.
  5 Someone shut it. It was shut this morning.
  6 Someone bought them. They were bought this morning.
  7 Someone swept it. It was swept this morning.
  8 Someone took them to school. They were taken to school this morning.
  9 Someone met them at the station. They were met at the station this morning.
  10 Someone told them. They were told this morning.